Beginning Tuesday, July 6, the Leelanau Probate and Family Court will be moving to Phase 4 of the Return to Operations Plan set forth by the State Court Administrator’s Office (SCAO).

Marian Kromkowski, Judge of Probate and of the 13th Circuit Court-Family Division has directed the following:

  1.  Proceedings will be conducted virtually to the maximum extent possible, consistent with Administrative Order 2020-6 (extended by AO 2020-12).
  2. The public is encouraged to continue to conduct business (file papers, make payments, etc.) virtually, using the court’s email, fax, telephone and drop boxes.                                                   
  3. Trials will be held in person.
  4. Fully vaccinated people are not required to wear masks when entering the building.
  5. Any person desiring to wear a mask shall be allowed to do so.
  6. Large venue and common areas in the courthouse will be open for use.
  7. Walk in hours for the Courts will be Monday-Friday  9:00 – 5:00 p.m.

 Please access the court websites at:


Important Message for Clients of 86th District Court:

UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE: For clients of the 86th District Court, the Criminal/Traffic/Civil and Probation Clerk areas will be closed to foot traffic but will be available by phone.

HASTA NUEVO AVISO: Para los clientes del Tribunal de Distrito 86, las áreas de Criminal / Traffic / Civil y Probation Clerk estarán cerradas al tráfico peatonal pero estarán disponibles por teléfono.

More detailed information available at the following link / 
Información más detallada disponible en el siguiente enlace -

Michigan has three trial courts—Circuit, District, and Probate. 

Circuit Court

The circuit court is the trial court with the broadest powers in Michigan. In general, the circuit court handles all civil cases with claims of more than $25,000 and all felony criminal cases (cases where the accused, if found guilty, could be sent to prison). The family division of circuit court handles all cases regarding divorce, paternity, adoptions, personal protection actions, emancipation of minors, treatment and testing of infectious disease, safe delivery of newborns, name changes, juvenile offenses and delinquency, juvenile guardianship, and child abuse and neglect. In addition, the circuit court hears cases appealed from the other trial courts or from administrative agencies.  The friend of the court office is part of the family division of the circuit court and handles domestic relations cases where minor children are involved.


In addition, there is a Court of Claims for filing cases against the State of Michigan in which a claim for money damages is made. As of November 12, 2013, the Court of Claims is part of the Michigan Court of Appeals. The Court of Claims is a specialized court that handles only claims over $1,000 filed against the State of Michigan or one of its departments.


There are 57 circuit courts in Michigan. Circuit court judges are elected for six-year terms.


District Court

  • The Criminal/Traffic Division handles violations of the State's Criminal Code and local ordinance violations.  It is responsible for scheduling all matters, opening and closing cases, communicating with the jail regarding sentencing inmates and notifying the Department of State  Police Records Division of case dispositions.  In addition, it is responsible for entering traffic tickets into the computer system, taking payments for both traffic and criminal cases, receiving and disbursing bonds and notifying the Secretary of State of case dispositions.  This division also handles weddings that are performed by the court.
  • The Civil Division processes all general civil, small claims and summary proceedings (landlord-tenant) cases.  It schedules civil hearings and trials, processes civil writs, garnishments and receives filing fees for cases filed.  The District Court has jurisdiction over disputes involving individuals and businesses where the amount in controversy is $25,000 or less.
  • The Probation Department performs two functions:  (1) meeting with criminal defendants and preparing pre-sentence reports for the judges for use at sentencing, and (2) supervising probationers.

There are approximately 100 district courts in Michigan. District court judges are elected for six-year terms.


Probate Court

The probate court handles wills, administers estates and trusts, appoints guardians and conservators, and orders treatment for mentally ill persons.

There are 78 probate courts in Michigan; probate judges are elected for six-year terms.

This page last updated on 7/31/2023.